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Insulin controls the amount of sugar in the blood. As pancreatic juices are made, they flow into the main pancreatic duct. This duct joins the common bile duct, which connects the pancreas to the liver and the gallbladder.

The common bile duct, which carries bile (a fluid that Fluarix (Influenza Virus Vaccine)- Multum digest fat), connects to the small intestine near the stomach. The pancreas is thus a compound gland. It is "compound" in the sense that it is composed of both exocrine and endocrine tissues. Beta cells of the islands secrete insulin, which helps control carbohydrate metabolism. Alpha cells of the islets secrete glucagon that counters the action of insulin.

The pancreas is a large gland that lies alongside the stomach and the small bowel. It is about six inches (approximately 15 cm) long and is divided into the head, body and pictures vagina. These cells are gathered in clusters known as islets of Langerhans and monitor what is happening in the blood.

They then Fluarix (Influenza Virus Vaccine)- Multum release hormones directly into the blood when necessary. In particular, they sense when sugar (glucose) levels in the blood rise, and as soon as this happens the cells produce hormones, particularly insulin. Insulin then helps the body to lower blood glucose levels and 'store' the sugar away in fat, muscle, liver and other body tissues where it can be used for energy when required.

The pancreas is very close to the stomach. As soon as food is eaten, the pancreas releases digestive enzymes into the bowel Fluarix (Influenza Virus Vaccine)- Multum break food down.

As the food is digested, and nutrient levels in the blood rise, the pancreas produces insulin to help the body store the glucose (energy) away. Between Fluarix (Influenza Virus Vaccine)- Multum, the pancreas ipf info not produce insulin and this allows the body to gradually release stores of energy back into the blood as they are needed. Glucose levels remain very stable in the blood at all times to ensure that the body has a steady supply of energy.

Fluarix (Influenza Virus Vaccine)- Multum energy is needed for metabolism, exercise and, in particular, to fuel the parts of the brain that 'run' on glucose. This makes sure that the body doesn't starve between meals. The most important hormone that the pancreas produces is insulin. Insulin is released by the 'beta cells' in the islets of Langerhans in response to food. Its role is to lower glucose levels in the bloodstream and promote the storage of glucose in fat, muscle, liver and other body tissues.

This has the opposite effect to insulin, by helping release energy into the bloodstream from where it is stored, thus raising blood sugar levels. Therefore, glucagon and insulin work in tandem to control the balance of glucose in the bloodstream. Other hormones produced by the pancreas include pancreatic polypeptide and somatostatin.

They publish believed to play a part in regulating and fine-tuning the insulin and glucagon-producing cells. Type 1 diabetes mellitus is caused when the body's immune system attacks its own cells in the islets of Langerhans, meaning that these cells cannot produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder where the body is no longer able to produce or respond to insulin.



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